Book of Mediterranean Trees, Shrubs and Climbers


Prunus dulcis  Almond
Synonyms  Prunus amygdalus
Family Rosaceae
Genus Prunus  [PROO-nus]  classical name for the Plum
Species dulcis   
Properties tree
(For other uses, see Almond (disambiguation).)("Badam" redirects here. For some villages in Iran, see Badam (disambiguation).) The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Prunus amygdalus) is a species of tree native to the Middle East, the Indian Subcontinent and North Africa. "Almond" is also the name of the edible and widely cultivated seed of this tree. Within the genus Prunus, it is classified with the peach in the subgenus Amygdalus, distinguished from the other subgenera by the corrugated shell (endocarp) surrounding the seed. The fruit of the almond is a drupe, consisting of an outer hull and a hard shell with the seed, which is not a true nut, inside. Shelling almonds refers to removing the shell to reveal the seed. Almonds are sold shelled or unshelled. Blanched almonds are shelled almonds that have been treated with hot water to soften the seedcoat, which is then removed to reveal the white embryo.
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