Book of Mediterranean Trees, Shrubs and Climbers


Araucaria heterophylla  Norfolk Island Pine
Family Araucariaceae
Genus Araucaria  [a-raw-KAR-e-a]  from araucanos name of of the Indian tribe of the Province of Araneo, Chile where A. araucana was first found
Species heterophylla   
Properties tree
Araucaria heterophylla (synonym A. excelsa) is a member of the ancient and now disjointly distributed family Araucariaceae. As its vernacular name Norfolk Island pine implies, the tree is endemic to Norfolk Island, a small island in the Pacific Ocean between New Zealand and New Caledonia, about 1440km east of Sydney, Australia. The genus Araucaria occurs across the South Pacific, especially concentrated in New Caledonia (about 700 km due north of Norfolk Island) where 13 closely related and similar-appearing species are found. It is sometimes called a star pine, triangle tree or living Christmas tree, due to its symmetrical shape as a sapling, although it is not a true pine.
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