Book of Mediterranean Trees, Shrubs and Climbers


Araucaria araucana  Monkey Puzzle
Family Araucariaceae
Genus Araucaria  [a-raw-KAR-e-a]  from araucanos name of of the Indian tribe of the Province of Araneo, Chile where A. araucana was first found
Species araucana   from the the Indian tribe name (renamed from imbricata)
Properties tree
Araucaria araucana (commonly called the monkey puzzle tree, monkey tail tree, Chilean pine, or pehuén) is an evergreen tree growing to 1-1.5 m (3–5 ft) in diameter and 30–40 m (100–130 ft) in height. It is native to central and southern Chile and western Argentina. Araucaria araucana is the hardiest species in the conifer genus Araucaria. Because of the longevity of this species, it is described as a living fossil. It is also the national tree of Chile. Its conservation status was changed to Endangered by the IUCN in 2013 due to the dwindling population.
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green pollen cones