Book of Mediterranean Trees, Shrubs and Climbers
Ficus macrophylla Morton Bay Fig
the L. name for a Fig tree and one common in many European languages. Believed to
be derived from the Hebrew name fag
Ficus macrophylla, commonly known as the Moreton Bay fig or Australian banyan, is
a large evergreen banyan tree of the family Moraceae native to eastern Australia, from
the Wide Bay–Burnett region in the north to the Illawarra in New South Wales, as well as
Lord Howe Island. Its common name is derived from Moreton Bay in Queensland, Australia.
It is best known for its imposing buttress roots. As Ficus macrophylla is a strangler
fig, seed germination usually takes place in the canopy of a host tree and the seedling
lives as an epiphyte until its roots establish contact with the ground. It then enlarges
and strangles its host, eventually becoming a freestanding tree by itself. Individuals
may reach 60 m (200 ft) in height. The large leathery, dark green leaves are 15–30 cm
(6–12 in) long.